Worksheet 3 - A familiar verb and an unfamiliar one

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Exercice 1 - Expression personnelle
You are being asked questions about your clothing. (Que portez-vous aujourd'hui? = What are you wearing today?) Each of your answers should start off with Je porte...

Exercice 2 - Aux Nations Unies
The examples I wrote for you only give two possibilities, but there are actually four different ways for these sentences to go because you have to consider two separate items: male or female and one or many. The nationalities on the left side will give you all of the information you need. For example:
3_-_exercice_2.jpg
The word 'les' tells you right away that there is more than one person. It doesn't tell you, though, whether they are men or women. For that, you need to look at the second word. 'Français' is the masculine form of 'French' (Française is the feminine), so you know now that there are many French men who are doing the reading. For that reason, you need the plural form of être - sont, the plural form of man - les hommes, qui - who, and the plural form of reading - lisent.

Second example:
elle_lit.jpg

The word 'l' tells you right away that there is only one person. It doesn't tell you, though, whether it is a man or a woman. For that, you need to look at the second word. 'Américaine' is the feminine form of 'American' (Américain is the masculine), so you know now that there is one American woman who is doing the reading. For that reason, you need the singular form of être - est, the singular form of woman - la femme, qui - who, and the singular form of reading - lit.

Now, when you go on to try for yourself, you have to ask two questions before you commit:
1. Is this one person or many?
2. Are they male or female?
In question number 3, you're given the following sentence:
Le Belge _ le Soir.
The 'le' at the beginning tells you both of your answers right away. 'Le' is the masculine singular form of the, so obviously, it's refering to one man.
So... Le Belge est l'homme qui lit le Soir.

Exercice 3 - Préférences
You are given a topic and then two choices of attributes to choose between and make a statement of preference.

For example: les garçons: beaux ou sympathiques?

So, when it comes to boys, do you prefer those boys who are good-looking (beaux)? Or do your preference lean toward those boys who are nice (sympathiques)?

If you prefer the boys who are good-looking, you would write:
Je préfère les garçons qui sont beaux.
But if you prefer the boys who are nice, you would write:
Je préfère les garçons qui sont sympathiques.

Exercice 4 - Au salon de l'auto
Here, you are being asked to describe various makes of vehicles with some general adjectives.

For example: la Renault C'est une voiture qui est petite et pratique.
(It is a vehicle that is small and practical.)

In other words, when you think of the small utilitarian European Renault vehicles you think 'small' and 'practical'.

Exercice 5 - Bad loser
Tricher is a regular -er verb that means 'to cheat'. You're going to use it in various sentences to say that it is this one or that one of your friends who cheats. So, you're going to use the word 'qui' for 'who' and then the conjugated form of 'tricher' that is appropriate based on who is being accused of being one who cheats.

For example: Ce sont Marc et Philippe qui trichent. (It is Marc and Philip who cheat. - ils trichent)
C'est Jean qui triche. (It is Jean who cheats. - il triche)

Exercice 6 - Questions personnelles
You're now being asked to transfer this new knowledge of the use of the word 'qui' as a relative pronoun to your own life. You are asked some questions about how things are at your house.

For example: Qui fait la cuisine chez vous? (Who does the cooking at your place?)

Possible answers include: C'est moi qui fait la cuisine. (It's me who does the cooking.)
C'est ma mère qui fait la cuisine. (It's my mother who does the cooking.)
Ce sont mes frères qui font la cuisine. (It's my brothers who do the cooking. Notice that you need the 3rd person plural form of the verb 'faire' when it's two other people doing the task.)